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Abbreviation | Name Description  


Sixth Form

In the education systems of England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and Malta, and of Commonwealth West Indian countries such as Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, and Belize, sixth form (sometimes referred to as Key Stage 5) represents the final two years of secondary education, where students (typically between sixteen and eig  

A Levels

A levels

The General Certificate of Education Advanced Level generally termed the GCE Advanced Level or more commonly the A-level, is an academic qualification offered by educational institutions in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man to students completing secondary or pre-university education.



A2 Level

In the UK, at sixth from (age 16 to 18, after GCSE) you do your A levels. The first year of these is called the AS levels, which count for half the A level. Then the second year is called A2 which counts for the other half. Typically you will do 4 AS levels, then drop one and do 3 A2s.

After A levels, you can go to university, which i


American Hotel & Lodging Association

Serving the hospitality industry for more than a century, AH&LA is the sole national association representing all sectors and stakeholders in the lodging industry, including individual hotel property members, hotel companies, student and faculty members, and industry suppliers. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., AH&LA provides member  


Advanced International Certificate of Education

The Cambridge AICE Diploma is a group certificate for Cambridge International AS and A Level learners who pass examinations in subjects drawn from across the curriculum. It offers learners the opportunity to tailor their studies to their individual interests, abilities and future plans within an international curriculum framework.


Associate Degree

An associate's degree is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by community colleges, junior colleges, technical colleges, bachelor's degree-granting colleges, and universities upon completion of a course of study usually lasting two years. In the United States, and some areas of Canada, an associate's degree is often equivalent to  


Bachelor of Arts

A Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA, A.B., or AB), from the Latin artium baccalaureus, is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, the sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts degree programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, academic institution  


Bachelor of Arts International Relations

The Bachelor of Arts in International Relations (BA-IR) Programme is challenging, stimulating and practical. The three year course of study has the following objectives: to impart knowledge of basic concepts, theories and methods in International Relations; to develop in each student at least one area of special individual competence  


Bachelor of Arts in Media and Communication

The Bachelor of Arts in Media and Communication (BA MC) offers a broad-based education on all aspects of media and communications in today's world. The BA MC covers all key aspects of media and communications: new media, multimedia, communication theory, journalism, public relations, corporate communications, image management, issues and crisis man  


Bachelor in Business Administration

The Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA or B.B.A.) is a bachelor's degree in commerce and business administration. In most universities, the degree is conferred upon a student after four years of full-time study in one or more areas of business concentrations. The BBA program usually includes general business courses and a  

Bologna Declaration

Bologna Declaration

The Bologna declaration (in full, Joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education convened in Bologna on 19 June 1999) is the main guiding document of the Bologna process. It was adopted by ministers of education of 29 European countries at their meeting in Bologna in 1999.

It proposed a European Higher Education Area


Bachelor of Science

A Bachelor of Science (Bc., B.S., BS, B Sc, B.Sc. or BSc; less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B. from the Latin Scientiæ Baccalaureus) is a graduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last four to five years.

Whether a subject is considered a science


Chartered Financial Analyst

The 'Chartered Financial Analyst' (CFA) Program is a professional credential offered by the CFA Institute (formerly the Association for Investment Management and Research, or AIMR) to investment and financial professionals.A candidate who successfully completes the program and meets other professional requirements is awarded a "CFA ch  


Commercial Certificate of Proficiency

This 3-year full-time training, comprises 2 years’ study and 1 year of practical on-the-job training. With this, it is possible to obtain a "Federal Commercial Certificate of Proficiency" which opens the doors to administrative jobs such as: clerk, secretary, secretary-bookkeeper. Many continuous training courses and specialisations are also acce  


Chartered Management Institute

The Chartered Management Institute (CMI) is a professional institution for managers, based in the United Kingdom.In addition to supporting its members, the organisation encourages management development, carries out research, produces a wide variety of publications on management interests, and publishes the official members' magazine,  


Doctor of Business Administration

The degree of Doctor of Business Administration (abbreviated DBA or D.B.A. and equivalent to PhD in Business Administration), is a research doctorate in business administration. The D.B.A. requires coursework and research beyond the masters degree that normally results in a dissertation and possible journal publication that con  


Diplôme d'Etudes en Langue Française

The Diplôme d'études en langue française (DELF) (English: Diploma in French Studies) is a certification of French-language abilities for non-native speakers of French administered by the International Centre for French Studies (Centre international d'études pédagogiques, or CIEP) for France's Ministry of Education. It is c  


Doctor of International Relations

The Doctor of International Relations (DIR) Programme is the highest degree offered in diplomacy. This terminal professional degree is as rigorous as it is rewarding. Excellent students with at least a Master’s degree in International Relations or a closely related field and five years’ work experience in an appropriate field are  


Executive Bachelor of Business Administration

The Executive Bachelor of Business Administration (EBBA) is an intensive program designed for working professionals in middle or senior management positions and with 5 or more years of work experience. The underlying objective of the program is to equip professionals with theoretical and conceptual knowledge to strengthen their extens  


Executive Master of Business Administration

The Executive Master of Business Administration (EMBA) is an intensive program designed for working professionals in middle or senior management positions and with 5 or more years of work experience. The participants must have a minimum of five years work experience and hold middle or higher management positions in their respective fi